The American Veterinary Medical Association sponsored a study on fatal dog bites. Below is an overview.
Objective—To examine potentially preventable factors in human dog bite–related fatalities (DBRFs) on the basis of data from sources that were more complete, verifiable, and accurate than media reports used in previous studies.
Design—Prospective case series.
Sample—256 DBRFs occurring in the United States from 2000 to 2009.
Procedures—DBRFs were identified from media reports and detailed histories were compiled on the basis of reports from homicide detectives, animal control reports, and interviews with investigators for coding and descriptive analysis.
Results—Major co-occurrent factors for the 256 DBRFs included absence of an able-bodied person to intervene (n = 223 [87.1%]), incidental or no familiar relationship of victims with dogs (218 [85.2%]), owner failure to neuter dogs (216 [84.4%]), compromised ability of victims to interact appropriately with dogs (198 [77.4%]), dogs kept isolated from regular positive human interactions versus family dogs (195 [76.2%]), owners’ prior mismanagement of dogs (96 [37.5%]), and owners’ history of abuse or neglect of dogs (54 [21.1%]). Four or more of these factors co-occurred in 206 (80.5%) deaths. For 401 dogs described in various media accounts, reported breed differed for 124 (30.9%); for 346 dogs with both media and animal control breed reports, breed differed for 139 (40.2%). Valid breed determination was possible for only 45 (17.6%) DBRFs; 20 breeds, including 2 known mixes, were identified.
Conclusions and Clinical Relevance—Most DBRFs were characterized by coincident, preventable factors; breed was not one of these. Study results supported previous recommendations for multifactorial approaches, instead of single-factor solutions such as breed-specific legislation, for dog bite prevention.
A dog bite to NBC news anchor, Kyle Dyer, has been in the news for the past few days. She was bitten in the face, on camera, during a live news show. The dog is in quarantine, the anchor had to have plastic surgery, and the owner is going to court. Many things went wrong for this to happen.
The dog is showing signs of stress
In a clip that’s only 25 seconds long, I counted about 11 lip licks. Max is in an environment with high distractions and people he doesn’t know. He looks away from the woman. About three times he’s panting and closes his mouth. His pupils are dilated. These are all signals that the dog is stressed. Everyone ignored these signals. When Ms Dyer finally moved even closer, he did the only thing he had left to make Ms. Dyer go away.
The owner doesn’t know the dog
Michael Robinson, the owner, is holding the collar tightly. He’s also ignoring Max’s stress signals. A local firefighter rescued the dog on Tuesday, Feb. 7 and he and the owner brought Max to the studio on Wednesday, the 8th. HUGE stress the man ignored. The owner should not have allowed anyone at all to physically interact with Max after all that.
In addition, Robinson received citations for not having his dog on leash, allowing the bite, and not being able to produce vaccination records.
Ms. Dyer was uninformed and inappropriate
The interview began with Ms. Dyer sitting in a chair facing Max’s back. Then she gets on her knees beside him and pets him constantly until the bite. As the interview progresses, she moves closer to Max with her body and her face. After about 25 seconds of constant petting, she moves her face very close to his face and Max bit her lip.
This happens far too often because people expect dogs to tolerate any behavior that is offered “with the intention” of being friendly. Dogs have no way of knowing what a person’s intention is. They only know their signals are being ignored and they need to escalate the communication.
Owners need to be advocates for their dogs and not put them into stressful situations. Learn your dog’s stress signals. Be able to tell when he’s nearing the point that communication needs to escalate. Know when your dog is afraid or has shut down, also. A dog that’s trying its best to be invisible is likely to bite quickly.
The Denver 9News staff is going to undergo training in how to safely interact with dogs, which should have happened before dogs started coming onto the set. Learning now may prevent future incidents similar to this bite.
- Offer the side of your body instead of approaching the dog face to face.
- Let the dog come to you instead of approaching it.
- Let the dog get away from you, if it wants to.
- If the dog turns its head or eyes away from you, look away from it.
- Don’t treat anyone else’s dog as you do your dog. They don’t live with you.
- If the dog has recently been through a stressful event, those chemical changes can last for days to weeks. Lower your expectations until the stress has passed.
I hope Max doesn’t pay for everyone’s mistakes with his life.
This is National Dog Bite Prevention Week.
Here is a quick, simple public service announcement on preventing a dog bite. The dog is saying, “I’m uncomfortable!” in every way it can and the child continues to apoproach.
Liam J. Perk Foundation was founded because Liam was killed with one bite from the family dog.
Doggone Safe has lots of information for children, parents and teachers on preventing dog bites to children.